Key to Umbria: Foligno

Important Works of Art in Foligno

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Images below link to pages on the most important artists with works in or from Foligno.

Cola Petruccioli (died 1401)

From Orvieto, moved to Perugia

Cola Petruccioli began his career in his native Orvieto.  He moved to Perugia in ca. 1380 and this was where he died.  A number of fresco fragments in San Domenico are attributed to him, including the upper part of a scene of the Assumption of the Virgin illustrated here. 

Maestro della Dormitio di Terni (ca. 1400)

Probably from Terni

Three dispersed panels from a triptych that is attributed to this master might have come from San Bartolomeo di Marano.

[Temporary link to the Maestro della Dormitio di Terni]

Maestro dell' Abside Destra di S Francesco (early 15th century)

Probably from Montefalco

This fresco (1391)  of the Dormition and Coronation of the Virgin in Santa Maria Giacobbe , which is dated by inscription, is attributed to the Maestro dell’ Abside Destra di San Francesco di Montefalco.  If this attribution is correct, it is the only dated work by this artist that survives.  It is therefore of great value in dating his other works and might, in time, provide a clue to his identity.  There are a number of other frescoes attributed to this master in San Domenico.

Gentile da Fabriano (died 1427)

From Fabriano

Gentile da Fabriano was one of the most important artists of his generation and an exponent of the International Gothic.  He probably directed the workshop that executed frescoes (1411-2) in Palazzo Trinci.  The fresco illustrated here is the personification of Grammar, which is in the Sala delle Rose.

Paolo Nocchi (died after 1436)

From Foligno

Paolo Nocchi is named among the collaborators of Gentile da Fabriano in relation to the frescoes (1411-2) in Palazzo Trinci.

[Temporary link to Paolo Nocchi]

Giovanni di Corraduccio Mazzaforte (died after 1437)

From Foligno


Andrea di Cagno (died after 1446)

From Foligno


Ottaviano Nelli (1375 - ca. 1450)

From Gubbio

An inscription on the alter wall of the chapel of Palazzo Trinci record that Ottaviano Nelli painted its frescoes in 1424.  They include the fresco of the Crucifixion with saints  illustrated here, and an extensive cycle of scenes from the life of the Virgin.

Bartolomeo di Tommaso (ca. 1408-54)

From Terni


Bartolomeo di Mattiolo (died 1473)

From Torgiano, based in Perugia

Bartolomeo di Mattiolo, who was based in Perugia from at least 1437, became the leading architect in that city.  A number of payments were made to him in 1457-9 in connection with the rebuilding of the apse of the Duomo.  Most of the work was lost during subsequent restorations, but vestiges of the traceried windows from this construction are still visible from the exterior of the church.

Neri di Monte (died after 1488)

From Perugia

Stained glass panels (1485-8) from the tribune of the Duomo of Foligno, which are the documented work of Neri di Monte, were sold to the friars of San Francesco, Assisi in 1785 and are now in the Museo del Tesoro di San Francesco.  A detail from the panel depicting St Felician is illustrated here.

Francesco da Pietrasanta (died 1494)

From Pietrasanta, Tuscany, based in Foligno

Pope Sixtus IV probably sent Francesco da Pietrasanta from Rome to Foligno, where he is first documented as the director of work on the Palazzo Apostolico (ex Palazzo Trinci) in 1477.  He subsequently directed most of the important architectural projects in the city.  The design of the Oratorio della Nunziatella (1494, illustrated here) is attributed to him.

Benozzo Gozzoli (1420-97)

From Florence

This damaged detached fresco (ca. 1449) of the head of an angel in a tondo came from the chapel to the right of the presbytery in San Domenico and is now in the Pinacoteca Civica.  It was probably on the side of an entrance arch, opposite another of the Virgin Annunciate.  It is attributed to Pierantonio Mezzastris or Benozzo Gozzoli:  it is almost certainly based on the cartoon that was used for Benozzo’s fresco of the Annunciation in Narni.  It has to be said, however, that there is no documentary evidence that Benozzo was ever in Foligno.

Giovanni Tedesco (late 15th century)


Two Crucifixes in Foligno are attributed to Giovanni Tedesco:

  1. a fragment from Palazzo Vescovile that is now in the Museo Capitolare e Diocesano (illustrated here); and

  2. a Crucifix hangs over the high altar of Santa Lucia, which Gismondo di Foligno, the father of one of the nuns, gave a Crucifix to the community in 1522.

Nicolò di Liberatore, l' Alunno (1430-1502)

From Foligno

Nicolò di Liberatore was perhaps the most important participant in the vibrant artistic milieu of Foligno in the 15th century.  [More]

Cristoforo di Jacopo (died after 1502)

From Foligno


Pietro di Giovanni Mazzaforte (died after 1502)

From Foligno


Ugolino di Gisberto (died after 1502)

From Torre del Colle, Bevagna

Ugolino, who became a citizen of Foligno, signed a contract for a year-long apprenticeship in the workshop of Pietro di Giovanni Mazzaforte and Nicolò di Liberatore, l’Alunno (above) in 1458.  His only known signed work, a damaged fresco (early 16th century) in Santa Maria Infraportas, Foligno, is illustrated here.  

Valerio de’ Muti (died after 1502)

From Foligno

Valerio di Giacomo de’ Muti is documented in Foligno on a number of occasions in the period 1471-1502, but no securely attributed work by him survives in his native city.   Signed works do survive, however, in Spello and Trevi.

[Temporary link to Valerio de’ Muti]

Pierantonio Mezzastris (ca. 1430-1506)

From Foligno

Pierantonio Mezzastris was one of the most prolific artists at Foligno in the second half of the 15th century,

Andrea d' Assisi, l’ Ingegno (died 1520)

From Assisi

The enigmatic Andrea d’ Assisi seems to have been a colleague of Pintoricchio and may have been called to Spello by the Baglioni family in ca. 1500.   This fresco (1494) in the Chiostro Verde of Sant’ Anna has recently been attributed to him.

Cola di Matteuccio da Caprarola (died after 1519)

From Caprarola, near Viterbo

Cola worked on the remodelling of the Duomo in 1512-5.  A vault collapsed in 1513, and he was required to repair the damage at his own expense.  

[Temporary link to Cola da Caprarola]

Francesco Melanzio (ca. 1465-1520)

From Montefalco

Francesco Melanzio was a follower of Perugino.  Most of the works by or attributed to him are in his native Montefalco.  The frescoes (1518) in the lunettes the Chiostro Verde of Sant’ Anna, including this one of the young Virgin Mary in the Temple, have recently been attributed to him.

Raphael (1483-1520)

From Urbino

Sigismondo de' Conti da Foligno commissioned the altarpiece (ca. 1511) known as the Madonna di Foligno  from Raphael for his funerary chapel in Rome.  His niece, Anna de' Conti arranged for it to be moved to Sant' Anna, Foligno in 1565, and it remained there until the French confiscated it in 1797.  It is now in the Pinacoteca Vaticana

Pietro Vannucci, il Perugino (1446–1524)

From Città della Pieve, based in Perugia

This fresco (1507) of the Baptism of Christ, with God the Father above,  is behind the Altare di San Giovanni Battista, in the Oratorio della Nunziatella.   The original inscription gave the date and the name of Perugino.

Lattanzio di Nicolò (died after 1527)

From Foligno

Lattanzio di Nicolò trained under his famous father, Nicolò di Liberatore, l’Alunno (above).  This votive panel (1507) of St Mary Jaocobi from the oratory of Santa Maria Giacobbe, Pale is signed and dated by inscription.  It was stolen in 1964 but recovered soon afterwards and is now in the Museo Diocesano. 

Bernardino Mezzastris (died after 1539)

From Foligno

Bernardino was the son of the more famous Pierantonio Mezzastris (above).  He emerged as an independent painter after his father’s death in 1506.  No signed works by Bernardino Mezzastris survive in Foligno, but a number of works in the city are attributed to him.  These include this fresco (1525) of the Crucifixion in Santa Maria Infraportas.

Giannicola di Paolo (ca. 1460-1544)

From Perugia

This damaged fresco (16th century)of the Pietà with the Virgin and St John the Evangelist, which is above the altar in the sacristy of the Oratorio della Nunziatella, has recently been attributed to Giannicola di Paolo.

Antonio da Sangallo il Giovane (1484-1546)

From Florence

Antonio da Sangallo il Giovane was one of the leading architects in Rome, particularly after the election of Pope Paul III in 1534.  He worked on the remodelling of the Duomo in 1517-22.  His surviving sketches depict the crossing, crypt and cupola and also the Cappella del Corpus Domini, off the left transept.  He was documented again in Foligno in 1525, when he requested and was granted citizenship.

[Temporary link to Antonio da Sangallo il Giovane]

Bernardino di Mariotto (died 1566)

From Perugia

Bernardino di Mariotto spent the first part of his career in San Severino in the Marches, before returning to Perugia in 1521.   A panel (early 16th century) of the Madonna and Child enthroned from St Lucia, which is now in the Pinacoteca Civica, is attributed to him.

Dono Doni (1505-75)

From Assisi

Three works in Foligno are attributed to Dono Doni:

  1. a fresco (1544) of the Nativity with St Lucy on the altar wall of the nuns’ choir  the Monastero di Sant’ Anna (illustrated here);

  2. the frescoed frieze (ca. 1545) of Sala Papale, Palazzo Trinci; and

  3. a fresco (16th century) of the Martyrdom of St Catherine of Alexandria from Santa Caterina Vecchia, which is now in the Pinacoteca Civica.

Lattanzio Pagani (died ca. 1582)

From Monterubbiano, in the March of Ancona

Lattanzio Pagani worked mainly for Pope Paul III and for Cardinal Tiberio Crispo, who was the the papal legate in Umbria in 1545-8.  He neglected his work as an artist from 1553, when he became Captain of the Militia of the provinces of Umbria and the Marche.  A fresco (ca. 1546) of the arms of Tiberio Crispo in Palazzo Trinci is attributed to him.

[Temporary link to Lattanzio Pagani]

Nicolò Circignani, il Pomarancio (died 1596)

From Pomarance, near Volterra, based in Rome

This fresco (1567) of the Adoration of the Magi, which is attributed to Nicolò Circignani, is on the right wall of the nuns’ choir in the Monastero di Sant’ Anna.  It is dated by an inscription that also records the name of the donor, Bishop Ventura Bufalini.

Felice Damiani (died after 1609)

From Gubbio

Felice Damiani left a executed a number of works in his native city in the period from ca. 1594 until his death.  Two signed altarpieces in Foligno are  from a slightly earlier date:

  1. the Immaculate Conception (1592) in San Bartolomeo di Marano (illustrated here); and

  2. the Madonna della Cintura (1593) in Sant’ Agostino.

Ventura Salimbeni (1571-1613)

From Siena, based in Rome

Ventura Salimbeni became one of the most appreciated artists of his time.  Two of his signed works survive in Foligno:

  1. an altarpiece (1610) of the Adoration of the shepherds (1610) in Sant’ Agostino; and

  2. an altarpiece (1613) of the Marriage of the Virgin in the Museo Capitolare Diocesano, which he probably painted for the Duomo and which is his last known work (illustrated here).

Cristoforo Roncalli, il Pomarancio (1552-1626)

From Pomarance, near Volterra, based in Rome

Panels in Foligno that are attributed to Cristoforo Roncalli include:

  1. an altarpiece (1598) of the Madonna and Child in glory with saints from the Duomo, which is now in the Museo Capitolare e Diocesano (illustrated here); and

  2. a panel (ca. 1613) of Apollo in Palazzo Jacobilli Roncalli.

Baldassarre Croce (died 1628)

From Bologna, based in Rome

This altarpiece (early 17th century) from the Duomo, which depicts a miracle of St Martin, was documented in 1728 as a work by Baldassarre Croce.  It is now in the Museo Capitolare Diocesano. 

Giuseppe Cesari, il Cavalier d’ Arpino (1568-1640)

From Arpino, based in Rome

The Cavalier d’ Arpino was probably the most important artist in Rome during  first two decades of the 17th century, when he enjoyed the esteem and patronage of Pope Clement VIII.  This copy (17th century) of Raphael’s Foligno Madonna (1511) in the Museo Diocesano, which is attributed to the him, was probably painted for the Roscioli family when the original (above) was still in the Monastero di Sant' Anna. 

Ferraù Fenzoni (1562-1645)

From Faenza

Bishop Angelo Cesi called Ferraù Fenzoni from Rome to Todi in 1593.  He remained there until 1599, when he returned to Faenza.  Bishop Angelo Cesi called Ferraù Fenzoni from Rome to Todi in 1593.  He remained there until 1599, when he returned to Faenza.  While in Todi, he accepted commissions from other cities in Umbria.  This altarpiece (ca. 1599) of the Annunciation from the Duomo, which is now in the Museo Diocesano, is securely attributed to him.

Ascensidonio Spacca, il Fantino (1557-1646)

From Bevagna

A long panel (17th century) by il Fantino in the Pinacoteca Civica depicts Foligno, seen from Porta Romana, as it was in the 17th century.  It probably came from the Palazzo Comunale.

[Temporary link to Ascensidonio Spacca, il Fantino]

Andrea Camassei (1602–1649)

From Bevagna, based in Rome

The noted scholar, Ludovico Jacobilli commissioned an altarpiece (1626) of the Annunciation from Andrea Camassei for his new chapel in San Domenico.  It was taken to France in the Napoleonic period, but was documented once more in San Domenico in 1852, when it was on the 1st altar on the right.  It had disappeared in unknown circumstances by 1864.

[Temporary link to Andrea Camassei]

Marcantonio Grecchi (1573-1651)

From Siena, lived in Foligno in ca. 1600-21, before moving to Spello

Altarpieces in Foligno by or attributed to Marcantonio Grecchi include:

  1. the Martyrdom of St Stephen (1613), in San Nicolò;

  2. the Madonna of the Rosary (1625), in San Giovanni Profiamma; and

  3. the Holy Family (1634), in the Chiesa del Suffragio, which was originally in the Duomo.

Alessandro Algardi (1598-1654)

From Bologna, based in Rome

Alessandro Algardi succeeded Gianlorenzo Bernini (below) as papal court sculptor in 1644, with the accession of Pope Innocent X.  This ivory crucifix in the Museo Diocesano, is attributed to him.  It was almost certainly associated with a payment made by Giovanni Maria Roscioli in 1635.

Andrea Sacchi (1599-1661)

From Rome

Andrea Sacchi trained under Pietro da Cortona, but later moved away from his exuberant style.  Most of his surviving works are in Rome.  An altarpiece (17th century) of the Immaculate Virgin that he painted for the the Oratorio del Buon Gesù, Foligno was destroyed in the Second World War.

[Link to Andrea Sacchi]

Cesare Sermei (1584- 1668)

From Orvieto; trained in Rome; moved to Assisi

The Università dei Calzolai (shoemakers’ guild) commissioned this altarpiece (ca. 1640) for their altar in the Duomo, almost certainly from Cesare Sermei.   It is now in the Museo Capitolare Diocesano.

Noel Quillerier (1594-1669)

From Orléans

This French artist was documented in Rome in 1622-4 and had returned to Paris by 1631.  He seems to have spent much of the intervening period in Umbria.  A number of works in Foligno are attributed to him, including:

  1. a panel (1626) of the Coronation of the Virgin and saints from the Duomo, which is now in the Museo Diocesano; and

  2. this frescoed backdrop (ca. 1626) to a crucifix in the Oratorio della Nunziatella.

Giovanni Battista Michelini (died 1679)

From Foligno

The securely documented works of Giovanni Battista Michelini in Foligno are mostly lost.  This altarpiece (ca. 1636) of SS Cosmos and Damian from the Duomo, which is now in the Museo Diocesano, is attributed to him.  He also worked extensively in Gubbio.

Gianlorenzo Bernini (1598-1680)

From Naples, based in Rome

Gianlorenzo Bernini was the most important sculptor in Rome for much of the 17th century.   Giovanni Maria Roscioli probably commissioned the portrait busts of his parents (this one of his father, Bartolomeo and another of his mother, Diana), which are now in the Museo Diocesano, from Bernini in Rome. 

Pietro Montanini  (1626-89)

From Perugia

Pietro Montanini studied in Rome under Pietro da Cortona before returning to his native Perugia in 1658.  Six scenes in tondi (17th century) in the sacristy of San Nicolò, which depict scenes from the lives of Christ and the Virgin, are attributed to him.

[Temporary link to Pietro Montanini]

Sebastiano Cipriani (died ca. 1740)

From Siena, based in Rome

Sebastiano Cipriani began the remodelling of the Duomo of Foligno after the earthquake of 1703.  He also provided a design for the Oratorio del Gonfalone (illustrated here) in 1724.

Louis Dorigny (1654-1742) 

Born in Paris, trained in Rome in 1671-5 and based in the Veneto from ca. 1680 

Louis Dorigny, who was the grandson of painter Simon Vouet, seems to have worked in Umbria in ca. 1675-80, before establishing a successful career in Venice and then Verona.   Works in Foligno that are by or attributed to him include:

  1. frescoes (1678) of scenes from the life of St Augustine in the cloister of Sant’ Agostino, which were destroyed in the bombardment of the Second World War; and

  2. frescoes (17th century) in Palazzo Giusto Orfini.

[Temporary link to Louis Dorigny]

Giuseppe Nicola Nasini (d. 1736) and Tommaso Nasini (d. after 1744)

From outside Siena

These two artists were probably cousins.  This fresco (1716) in the cupola of San Giacomo is attributed to Giuseppe Nicola Nasini, who was the more accomplished of the two.  All of the surviving works by or attributed to Tommaso Nasini are in Foligno.

Francesco Trevisani (1656-1746) 

From Capodistria, near Trieste; trained in Venice; based in Rome

Francesco Trevisani established a successful career in Rome from ca. 1678 until his death.  He painted this important altarpiece (ca. 1737) of the Communion of the Apostles for the high altar of Santa Maria di Betlem.

Francesco Mancini (1679-1758) 

From Sant’ Angelo in Vado, Pesaro; based in Rome

Francesco Mancini executed frescoes (1719-23) in the Duomo that depict:

  1. St Felician in glory (in the vault); and

  2. St Felician entrusting Foligno to religion (in the lunette of the apse - illustrated here). 

In the latter fresco, Religion takes the form of a figure in white holding the Cross, while St Michael below spears the devil.

Sebastiano Conca (1680–1764) 

From Gaeta; based in Rome in 1706-52

Sebastiano Conca was one of the leading artists in Rome in the early 18th century.  He signed this altarpiece (1752) the Madonna and Child with SS Nicholas of Bari and Augustine on the high altar of San Nicolo. 

Carlo Murena (1713-64)

From Collalto Sabino, based in Rome 

Carlo Murena trained as an architect in Rome under Luigi Vanvitelli (below), and later looked after Vanvitelli’s practice in Rome.  Giuseppe Piermarini (below) trained under him there.  He designed the church of the nunnery of (1760) SS Trinità in Annunziata.

Luigi Vanvitelli (1700-73)

Based in Rome and then, from 1752, in Caserta, near Naples

Luigi Vanvitelli was one of the most important Italian architects of the 18th century.   He designed a chapel in San Salvatore in 1751 and produced a design for the remodelling of the Duomo of Foligno in 1754.  He advised on the execution of the plans for the Duomo in 1771-3, in association with Giuseppe Piermarini (see below).

Francesco Appiani (1704-93) 

From Ancona; trained in Rome; based in Perugia from 1743

The altarpiece (ca. 1744) of St Francis di Paola in San Salvatore is attributed to Francesco Appiani.  If this is correct, this was one of his first works after his move to Perugia.

[Temporary link to Francesco Appiani

Antonio Maria Garbi (1718-97)

From Tuoro sul Trasimeno, based in Perugia

This altarpiece of the Assumption of the Virgin and St Bonaventura on the high altar of the Oratorio del Gonfalone is attributed to Antonio Maria Garbi.

Gaetano Gandolfi (1734-1802)

From Bologna

Bishop Filippo Trenta of Foligno commissioned three altarpieces from Gaetano Gandolfi in ca. 1790 for churches in Foligno:

  1. St Felician Liberates Foligno from the Plague, for the Duomo;

  2. a vision of the Blessed Angela of Foligno for San Francesco (illustrated here); and

  3. the Annunciation for the Chiesa della SS Trinità in Annunziata, which is now [where?].

Giuseppe Piermarini (1734 - 1808)

From Foligno, trained in Rome, based in Milan, retired to Foligno

Giuseppe Piermarini trained as an architect in Rome and spent most of his professional life in Milan.  His most famous work there was his design of the Teatro della Scala.  He returned to Foligno for the last ten years of his life.  He took over the remodelling of the Duomo in 1772, while he was still living in Milan, and continued the project until his death.  The project itself was completed, essentially to his designs,  in 1819.

Liborio Coccetti (ca. 1739-1816)

From Foligno

Liborio Coccetti, who became one of the favoured artists of Pope Pius VII, left very little in his native Foligno.  [More] 

[Temporary link to Liborio Coccetti]

Jean Baptiste Wicar (1762-1834)

From Lille, based in Rome

This artist had close links with the Napoleonic courts of Italy, but managed to continue his successful career in Rome after the fall of Napoleon.  This altarpiece (1826-35) of the Baptism of Christ in the Duomo, Foligno, which is his last known work, was the was completed after his death. 

Vincenzo Vitali (1795-1878)

From Foligno

The architect Vincenzo Vitali spent his career in his native city.  His work here included:

  1. the facade (1821-6) of the Chiesa del Suffragio, illustrated here;

  2. the facade (1830) of the Oratorio della Nunziatella; and

  3. the facade (1842-7) of Palazzo Trinci.

Mariano Piervittori (1815-88)

From Tolentino, moved to Foligno as a child


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