Key to Umbria: Perugia


[In which showcase are the following ??]

Funerary Vase (ca. 450 BC)

This red-figure vase, which was found in 1858 in the Sperandio Necropolis, is attributed to the Hector Painter.

Situla (ca. 400 BC)

This bronze vessel was found in 1827 in a tomb in the Santa Caterina Necropolis.

Etruscan Mirror (ca. 330 BC)

This mirror was found in 1865 at an unspecified location near Perugia.  The leading inscribed figures on the back are identified by inscription as Turan (Aphrodite) and Atunis (Adonis).

San Martino in Campo

Urn (9th century BC)

This cinerary urn in showcase 1 came from a tomb (Tomb 2) in the ancient necropolis that was discovered in 2007 at San Martino in Campo, some 10 km south of Perugia.

Castiglione del Lago

Grave Goods from Villastrada (date ?)

[Showcase 7]

Helmet from the Ipogeo dei Tetina (late 4th or 3rd century BC)

This hypogeum (2nd century BC) was excavated in 1880 in Pacciano, near Castiglione.  The travertine urns from the hypogeum are displayed as numbers 127-9 in the large cloister.  This helmet in showcase 9, which lay near the urn of the founder, Larth Teitna, had probably belonged to a Greek soldier and may have been war booty taken by one of the founder’s ancestors.


A bronze votive offering (early 2nd century BC) known as the Graziani putto, which depicted a naked  baby boy, was found in 1587 at Sanguinetto on Lake Trasimeno.   An Etruscan inscription recorded that it was offered "to the god Tec Sans as a gift": Tec Sans, was a local deity that protected children.  This object is exhibited in the Museo Gregoriano Etrusco, Vatican, Rome).  A number of the votive offerings from nearby Magione that are exhibited in showcase 11 also depict babies, and were thus presumably also offerings to Tec Sans.

Votive offerings from Colle Arsiccio (5th – 1st centuries BC)

These votive offerings were found in a deposit on Colle Arsiccio di Magione during excavations in 1934.  They include figures of animals and female deities, as well as the locally ubiquitous figures of babies.  The most interesting of these presumed offerings to Tec Sans is the swaddled figure of a baby depicted here. 

Votive offerings from Pasticcetto (5th – 3rd centuries BC)

Excavations in 1984 unearthed the base of a temple at Pasticcetto di Magione, together with a deposit of some 600 bronze votive offerings.  The majority of these represented full-length human figures (either deities or offerants) or animals.  [Is the collection displayed ?]

Votive deposits from Caligiana (3rd - 1st centuries BC)

These votive offerings were found in a deposit of votive offerings Caligiana di Magione in 1868.  They include this interesting elongated bronze figure of a woman (ca. 100 BC), perhaps a goddess.  (A local historian in the 19th century suggested that she was Hygeia, a daughter of Asclepius, the god of medicine.)


Tempio di San Faustino 

The exhibit at the end of the room represents the tympanum of a temple that was discovered in 1962 in Via Piccolpasso, some 5 km south west of Perugia.  The damaged antefix that seems to have come from the centre of the tympanum depicts (probably) a satyr supporting the drunken Dionysus.  This and the other antefixes probably date to the 2nd century BC.

The antefixes were probably associated with the monumentalisation of a much older cult site.   Evidence for this hypothesis comes from a number of votive bronzes (6th - 4th centuries) that were found in a deposit on the site (exhibited showcase 11).  The figures include:

  1. two female figures that probably all date to the 5th century BC:
  2. a praying woman; and

  3. a female offerant or goddess (similar to a number of figures from Pasticcetto di Magione - see below); 

  1. and a (probably) later figure of a naked baby boy similar to the Graziani putto (see Magione above).

Return to the main page on the Sala dei Bronzi 

Return to the main page on the Museo Archeologico


Museo Archeologico

Sala dei Bronzi: Perusia and its Territory

Umbria:  Home   Cities    History    Art    Hagiography    Contact 


PerugiaHome    History   Art    Saints    Walks    Monuments    Museums 

Museo Archeologicio:     Main Page;    Ipogeo  dei Cai Catu;

Upper Cloister;    Rooms off the Upper Cloister;    Prehistoric Section;

Roman Umbria I;    Cippus of Perugia;

Sala dei Bronzi;    Sala dei Bronzi: Perugia;    Sala dei Bronzi: Orvieto;

Necropoles of Perusia;    Etruscan and Roman Perusia I;    Etruscan and Roman Perusia II;

Roman Umbria II;    Deposit