Key to Umbria: Perugia

Sant’ Andrea (12th century; rebuilt 19th century)

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This church (Sancti Andree supra muros - Sant’ Andrea above the walls) was listed as a possession of  the Benedictine Abbazia di Santa Maria di Farneta (near Cortona) in a privilege issued by the Emperor Henry II in 1014.  It was documented again in 1168, was already a parish church by 1285.  It was reconstructed in the 19th century in neo-Romanesque style by Nazareno Biscarini


The rose window from the earlier church survives, along with part of the original facade to the left of the portal.

The relief (13th century?) above the portal of the Casa Parrocchiale, to the left of the facade, depicts Christ the Redeemer with two heads of cherubs.


Modern features of the external decoration relate to the calling of St Andrew on the shores of Lake Tiberius:

  1. the mosaic in the lunette above the portal shows Jesus with SS Peter and Andrew on the shore of the lake, with their discarded fishing boats to the left: and

  2. the mosaic in the floor in front of the portal depicts the lake and carries the words with which Jesus called SS Peter and Andrew: "avieni e seguimi" (come and follow me).


The altar preserves the relics of the Blessed Henry, a Danish pilgrim who died in Perugia in 1415.  This is recorded in the inscription: "OSSA B HENRICI MCDXIII".  Henry was somewhat fancifully thought to have been the son of Queen Margaret of Denmark, but her only son was actually called Olaf and had died in 1387.

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